The history of the Camel Trophy

The Camel Trophy began in 1980 with three German teams driving Jeeps along the infamous Transamazonica Highway from Belem to Santarem in Brazil. Planned as a one-off promotional event, the Camel Trophy caught the imagination of all those who saw the images from this first journey. Subsequent events were held every year until 1998. A final waterborne Camel Trophy event was held in 2000.

The Camel Trophy grew from humble beginnings to become the most famous event of its kind in the world, a unique combination of adventure, expedition and competition.  It spawned a "brand" inspired by the powerful "Camel Trophy Spirit" shown by those who participated in the events.

Camel Trophy often defies definition.  Asked to describe Camel Trophy, the Event Director for ten years, Iain Chapman, used these words:

 

"Neither a race nor a rally, Camel Trophy was first and foremost an adventurous expedition.  It did include an element of competition where participating teams could test their 4x4 driving and mechanical skills, endurance, courage, stamina, perseverance and resilience against the worst that nature could offer."

"The main emphasis of Camel Trophy was more toward testing human endurance and adaptability than pure competition. All participants were amateur and anyone, over the age of 21 from a participating nation could apply to take part provided they did not hold a competition driving license or were full-time serving members of the military. The essentials were fitness, common sense and an adventurous spirit."

 

As the event developed over the years, thousands of hopeful candidates applied each year for the much sought after places. Each country had the responsibility of reducing national applicants to a final short-list of four. This was generally done along the lines of regional, district and national selection events lasting, variously, from one day to a week depending on the country concerned.

The four finalists from each participating country were eventually brought together to take part in the final international selections, a week of intense physical and mental scrutiny by an expert team of assessors, to decide which two national representatives were destined to take part in the forthcoming Camel Trophy.

 

Information about the history of Camel Trophy is gathered together here.  Some of the most authoritative information about the Came Trophy events comes from Iain Chapman, former Director of Sponsorship & Special Events for WBI Inc., the main sponsor of Camel Trophy.  For ten years, Iain Chapman help the prestigious but responsible position of Camel Trophy "Event Director" of Camel Trophy.  Click on the links in the table below to find out more about each year of the Camel Trophy.

Year
Location
Team Vehicles
Support Vehicles
Transamazonica
Jeep
 
Sumatra
Range Rover
Range Rover
1982
Papua New Guinea
Range Rover
Range Rover
1983
Zaire
Series III 88"
Series III 109"
1984
Brazil
Land Rover One-Ten
One Ten
1985
Borneo
Ninety
One Ten
1986
Australia
Ninety
One Ten
1987
Madagascar
Range Rover TD
Range Rover TD
1988
Sulawesi
One Ten
One Ten
The Amazon
One Ten
One Ten
1990
Siberia USSR
Discovery 200Tdi (three door)
One Ten & 127
1991
Tanzania Burundi
Discovery 200Tdi
One Ten
Guyana
Discovery 200Tdi
Defender 110 200Tdi 
Sabah-Malaysia
Discovery 200Tdi
Defender 110 200Tdi 
1994
Argentina Paraguay Chile
Discovery 200Tdi
Defender 110 200Tdi 
1995
Mundo Maya
Discovery 300Tdi
Defender 110 300Tdi 
1996
Kalimantan
Discovery 300Tdi
Defender 110 300Tdi 
Mongolia
Discovery 300Tdi
Defender 110 300Tdi 
Tierra Del Fuego
Freelander
Defender 110 300Tdi 
1999 Peru    

2000

Tonga-Samoa
Ribtec 655
Honda CRV & 110 HCPU

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